So, 2019 is coming to a close soon. Before you start planning champagne toasts and morning-after resolutions, take time to prepare your business for the end of the year.
End-of-year preparations make tax time easier, ensure all your financial info for the current year is accurate and up to date, and let you start the next year out on the right foot. So your business keeps earning and you stress less in the year to come
Here are five steps you can take now to prepare your business for the end of the year.
1. Organize your bookkeeping
Getting your bookkeeping organized for the year that’s ending will help you rest easy at night. You’ll know that all your numbers for the year add up and that the information on your year-end financial statements is correct. That makes for a less stressful tax season.
One of the easiest ways to take care of your bookkeeping is to sign up for a remote bookkeeping solution. If you’re looking for a service provider to take care of your bookkeeping year-round, and to help you skip the tax season crunch, we recommend Bench.
Double-check all your transaction categories
Go back and make sure that every transaction you’ve recorded for the year is correctly categorized. If you made a categorization error in February and then kept repeating that error, it could have a major impact by the end of the year.
For instance—let’s say you’ve been incorrectly categorizing credit card processing fees for your store as part of your overhead. That could give you a fluctuating monthly overhead expense; use it to make financial projections for the new year, and your numbers will be off. Fixing the problem now will save you trouble once the books are closed.
Balance the books
If you use the double-entry method of bookkeeping, it’s essential that all your credits and debits match up. Otherwise, some accounts may actually hold less value than your books say.
You can do this at the same time you’re double-checking your transaction categories. Make sure that each time an account is credited, another account is debited the same amount—and vice versa.
Reconcile your bank accounts
When you reconcile your bank accounts, you make sure your bank statements match up with your books. It’s how you ensure your books reflect reality—the real, tangible cash you have to work with.
Talk to a professional
Especially if this is your first time filing taxes for your business, it’s wise to enlist the help of a CPA. They can double-check your books and make sure everything adds up, so your tax filing is accurate. What’s more, they may be able to identify tax deductions you’ve overlooked. That means your business will save more money in the new year.
Close the books on Dec. 31st
On the last day of the year, close the books. That means adding up all your numbers for the year, making sure everything is balanced, and preparing year-end financial statements. You’ll use those statements to file your tax return.
If you have a bookkeeper, they’ll close the books for you. They’ll also complete other preparation steps, like checking transaction categories and balancing the books.
2. Back up your itemized deductions with paperwork
If you’re claiming itemized deductions on your tax return, you need to make sure that each tax deduction is backed up by documentation. In the event that you’re audited, you’ll need those receipts to support your claims. If you can’t prove that your deductions were valid, the IRS can penalize you.
Make sure you hold on to the following:
- Cash register tapes
- Deposit information (cash and credit sales)
- Canceled checks or other proof of payment/electronic funds transferred
- Credit card receipts
- Bank statements
- Petty cash slips for small cash payments
- Accounts payable and receivable
- Payroll records
- Tax filings
- Previous tax returns
- W2 and 1099 forms
- Any other documentary evidence that supports an item of income, deduction, or credit shown on your tax return
Receipts for business purchases are one of the most common types of business records. You should hold on to every receipt for at least three years. That’s the length of the statute of limitations—the amount of time the IRS has to audit you.
On every receipt you keep, be sure to list:
- The date
- What you paid for
- What the purchase was
If you’re writing off a business meal, be sure to list on the receipt who attended the meal, and the business-related topics you discussed.
The best way to keep track of expense records
A shoebox is not a filing cabinet. If you’re forced at the end of the year to sort through all your receipts and put them in order, it’s time to switch to a new system.
Going paperless cuts down on clutter and helps make sure nothing slips through the cracks. Apps like Expensify allow you to photograph and categorize your receipts, then upload them to the cloud—where they’ll be organized by type, and protected from hazards like sudden gusts of wind.
3. Set aside money for taxes
When you’re self-employed, it’s up to you to figure out how much you owe in taxes, and pay it to the IRS.
That may sound like a big responsibility. But don’t worry: A few shortcuts can help.
Follow the 30% rule
Generally speaking, be prepared to pay about 30% of your gross income to the IRS as taxes. If you’re going back retroactively to put together money for tax payments, get together 30% of your income for the year. (This is when it’s handy to have year-end financial statements—so you can easily see how much you earned for the year.)
Next year, save yourself the hassle of sorting out taxes retroactively: Set them aside as you earn.
Set aside taxes well in advance
There are three methods for setting aside taxes as you earn income: Per-payment, monthly, and yearly.
Per-payment works well if you invoice clients. Every time a client pays you, take 30% and set it aside for taxes.
Monthly is best if your business goes through a lot of transactions every month—for instance if you run a bustling ecommerce business. In that case, each month, set aside 30% of your gross income.
The yearly approach only makes sense if your business is small, you earn income infrequently, and you don’t need to make estimated quarterly payments. If your business is still in its side hustle phase, it may be okay to go back and set aside cash at the end of the year. Still, there’s no reason you can’t start using the monthly or per-payment method now—it’ll establish good habits for later on, when your business grows and your income is higher.
Create a separate account
Dipping into your tax savings is a major no-no. You don’t want to come up short at the end of the year, unable to pay your taxes. The best way to keep your tax withholdings separate from the rest of your income is to create a separate savings account. That way, you’ll know exactly how much you have—and you’ll be less tempted to spend it.
4. Get up to date on tax reforms
Fight the urge to nod off. “Tax reforms” may not be the most thrilling pair of words in the English language, but they’re important.
That’s because, every year, the IRS makes changes to tax laws. That could mean you’re no longer eligible for certain tax deductions, or the deadlines for filing certain forms have changed.
For instance: The most recent major change to taxes was the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act, in 2018. It set a new tax rate for C corporations—so if your business was incorporated, you’d end up owing less than you may have planned. It introduced a new deduction for so-called “pass through entities”—so if you ran a sole proprietorship or single-member LLC, you had a new way to write off expenses. And it made changes to which deductions businesses could claim across the board.
These changes are important to stay on top of. Every year, the IRS puts out Publication 5318. It tells businesses what kinds of changes to tax law they can expect in the coming year. Make sure you read it when it’s published.
You may want to hire a CPA to file your taxes. It’s their job to stay on top of the latest changes in tax law, and make sure you’re in compliance.
Better yet, if you use Bench to do your bookkeeping, you can opt for BenchTax. Your bookkeepers will work one-on-one with tax professionals to get your taxes filed and 100% compliant with the current year’s tax laws.
With BenchTax, you don’t need to bring your books to a CPA, and explain how your business works. Since your Bench team produces all your financial statements throughout the year, and has hands-on knowledge about your expenses, they can work with professional tax filers to make sure your return is prepared accurately, and taking advantage of write-offs.
That means no forms to fill, no accounting software, and no trouble for you at tax time. Just an accurate, complete filing for your business, handled by professionals.
5. Get the new year off to a great start
This New Year’s Eve, make a resolution to run your business more smoothly and effectively than you did the year before. Here are a few simple steps you can take to make it happen:
Do an internal audit
Don’t let the word “audit” scare you. An internal audit looks at your accounting processes and operations, and makes sure that everything is running as efficiently and cost-effectively as possible.
Taking time to review your standard practices—how and when you record transactions on the books, how you store your business records, your invoicing cycle—can highlight ways to improve. That could mean entering sales on the books nightly, instead of weekly. Or, it could mean putting a whole new accounting system in place. Either way, your business will benefit.
Prepare financial reports
If you haven’t been disciplined about preparing financial reports, now is the time to start. Make sure that, by the end of January, you’ve got an income statement, cash flow statement, and balance sheet for the month. Then rinse and repeat: Your aim is to have accurate, up to date financial reports for every month of the year.
These taxes won’t only make it easier to file your taxes at the end of the year. You’ll have all the information you need to make informed business plans—like deciding how to reinvest income, or where to reduce expenses. That could mean more profit for your business in the long run.
Put together a financial forecast
When you create a financial forecast, you look at how your business has performed in the past, then project that performance into the future. It helps you prepare for events to come, and see where your business will end up depending on which business moves you make.
Once you’ve created a financial forecast, you can refer to it throughout the year to help you make business decisions. For instance, a forecast can help you identify your busy and slow seasons, and how investments in your business will pay off. That could affect everything from your operating hours during certain times of the year, to whether you take out a loan to expand your business.
By taking five straightforward steps at the end of the year, you can make sure next year goes smoothly.
Part of your job is wrapping up the previous year’s accounting neatly, and making sure everything adds up and makes sense. Then you’re ready to file your taxes or have BenchTax do it for you.
The other part is putting processes in place to make sure next year is off to a good start. For help with your year-end finances and tax preparation, check out Bench