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What Does SEO Stand For? SEO Basics All Companies Need To Know

A woman working on a laptop in an outdoor cafe while managing her Shopify eCommerce store and conducting marketing tasks.

SEO stands for “search engine optimization,” and it’s an important marketing tactic for introducing your content or campaign to the widest possible audience without overextending your budget.

Search Engine Land defines SEO as “getting traffic from the free, organic, editorial or natural search results on search engines.” Moz calls it “the practice of increasing the quantity and quality of traffic to your website through organic search engine results.”

SEO works hand in hand with your overall marketing strategy. After all, most online traffic is driven by search engines, effectively making them the gatekeepers of who sees your content. When a user enters a query or phrase in the search bar, the majority of space on the search engine results page (SERP) will be organic, SEO-optimized pages. Unsurprisingly, 53% of trackable website traffic comes from organic search.

Each major search engine uses its algorithm to rank search results. Ultimately, they want to improve user experience by serving the most relevant content for each query. Previously, content creators could “game” the system by stuffing blogs or landing pages with keywords. That approach no longer works. As the algorithms get more sophisticated, factors such as the context of keywords and the number of backlinks influence the page rank. That’s why optimizing SEO content is more important than writing for SEO. Useful, unique content should be the ambition. SEO optimization helps applicable; unique content finds the broadest possible audience.

How Can SEO Help My Website?

SEO optimization can benefit your website and overall business in several ways, including the following:

Increasing Organic Traffic

A well-optimized website that consistently follows SEO best practices will continuously grow its organic traffic over time. Improving your website’s visibility in relevant search results enables more users to find and visit your content.

But remember, SEO is a long-term strategy that proves to be more effective over time, and so-called ‘Black Hat’ tactics are no match for a long-term strategy.

Improve Traffic Quality

Getting traffic to your website is excellent, and getting a lot of traffic to your site is even better, but does that matter if users who land on your site don’t find the information relevant to their search? SEO helps users search for specific information on the most relevant websites and pages. The goal of content marketing is to nurture uniqueness in repeat visitors. Trick users into visiting your page, and they are unlikely to return.

Increase Conversions

Conversions indicate whether your SEO efforts are profitable and delivering a return on investment (ROI). They also give you insight into how users engage with your website. If you’re earning traffic, but users aren’t taking the desired action, it could indicate your SEO efforts aren’t practical. Increasing conversions should be as crucial to SEO managers as increasing organic traffic. Set a SMART goal for each and test relentlessly until the metrics align with your KPIs.

How Marketers Can Reap the Benefits

For a quarter of web users, the first page (SERP) is as far as they will investigate a query. If you’re not ranking on page one, prospects are unlikely to find you. But suppose you optimize your site for SEO. In that case, you can progress toward the first page relatively swiftly (mainly if you can provide relevant content for specific searches around long-tail keywords).

Following a proactive strategy is essential. The fact is that there are more than 4 billion other web pages to compete with. Chances are, users will not randomly find you. You must leave a trail they can follow to your site by consistently creating content that matches their problems, wants, and interests. One of the most popular SEO companies, SEO HERO Hong Kong, has the best implementation experience for this within their services.

As a long-term strategy, SEO optimization encourages you to deliver valuable, engaging content that satisfies your customers’ pain points and needs. It is an ongoing process that will help you build a stronger connection with your target audience and increase your overall authority in your market.

Different Types of SEO

Search engine optimization takes three forms, all of which must be addressed, tested, and refreshed.

On-Page SEO

Optimize the content that your user sees, whether it’s a blog post, product copy, or “About Us” page. Your important keywords should include headlines, subheadlines, URLs, and alt text.

Off-Page SEO

The perceived authority of your page is an essential factor in SEO, so focus on building backlinks to your content. The more pages that link to your site, the better your ranking. While considering link building pricing, remember that the right investment in this approach can yield long-term benefits. Nowadays, search engines will penalize sites that purchase backlinks from outside sources, so don’t be tempted to take a shortcut. The most effective strategy is to provide quality content that people want to refer to.

Technical SEO

While the intricacies of technical SEO may not be immediately visible to the user, they play an indispensable role in enhancing your page ranking. Essentially, this task, often undertaken by a competent SEO agency, involves optimizing your site to make it easily crawlable and indexable by Google and other search engines. The process includes meticulous tasks such as rectifying broken links, enhancing the page loading speed, and providing an XML site map, all of which are crucial services offered by a proficient SEO agency.

Fundamental Elements

The guiding mantra for SEO should be to create unique, valuable content. That’s the long-term strategy. At the same time, there are specific structural adjustments and tweaks that you can make to any existing page to improve its on-page SEO. Many CRM platforms will scan your content to show you where improvements can be made.

Essential SEO Checklist

Optimize your pages for mobile. Even though mobile devices account for more than half of web browsing, too many developers still think about desktops. Responsive pages equal better user experiences, leading to better search rankings.

  • Secure your site with a Secure Sockets Layer (SSL) certificate. Particularly for e-commerce sites, this will change your URL from HTTP to HTTPS, which is essential to establish trust.
  • Title tag power. Ensure that the tab at the top of the screen (also the clickable link on SERP) contains a target keyword that is not duplicated on other pages. As a general rule, avoid copied content altogether.
  • Aim for a clear, accurate meta description. This is the text that is often visible on search results. Make it clear and honest about what the destination page covers, and include at least one keyword.
  • Target your URL. Including target keywords in the site URL helps the search engine identify relevance.
  • Streamline your image tags. Too many sites skip alt descriptions, the text alternative to images. These help search engines discover what images are for show and are also essential considerations for accessibility (e.g., text-to-speech).


SEO is more than just satisfying the search engines — your content should primarily help people using search engines to find information. SEO is about understanding what users search for online, the words and phrases they use to find answers, and the content they seek online. Understanding these things allows you to connect with the right audience.

SEO can help your website rank higher in the search engines, ultimately driving more traffic to your site and leading to more conversions. However, keep in mind that part of an effective SEO strategy also includes driving the right quality traffic to your site. When done effectively and well, it helps businesses achieve goals that will ultimately lead to success.

Are you interested in supercharging your website’s SEO? Reach out today for a free consultation with one of Hawke Media’s digital marketing experts to learn how.

Special thanks to our friends at HawkeMedia for their insights on this topic.
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